Shoulder dislocation results from a traumatic event like an accident or a bad fall.
Anterior and Posterior Dislocation
There are two types of shoulder dislocation Anterior dislocation and Posterior dislocation.
Anterior dislocation occurs when the ball dislocates behind the socket. Posterior dislocation is where the ball dislocates in front of the socket. Dislocation of shoulder joint is a painful injury and restricts the movements of the affected arm.
Shoulder Dislocation X-Ray
This x-ray shows a typical dislocated shoulder…you can see from the x-ray why a dislocated shouder is so painful!
Shoulder Dislocation Treatment
Treatment for shoulder dislocation involves the Humeral head being repositioned into the glenoid and painkillers are prescribed to give relief from severe pain. This is typically followed by two or three weeks of immobilisation in a shoulder sling
Dislocated Shoulder Exercises
Dislocated shoulder exercises focus on restoring normal range of movement and strengthening the shoulder joint to prevent future injury.
Dislocated shoulder exercises are specially targeted at the rotator cuff muscles. Rotational exercises strengthen the rotator cuff and provide a solid foundation for all shoulder movements. Exercises are usually started after two to three weeks of immobilisation in a sling. Gentle range of movement exercises are done under the supervision of physiotherapist.
The following exercises are generally recommended for a dislocated shoulder but always check with your doctor of physiotherapist to ensure that they are right for your specific shoulder condition.
Shoulder Stretching after Shoulder dislocation
Mild stretching exercise can usually be started after few days in order to keep the shoulder from becoming too stiff and losing range of motion.
Shoulder flexion and abduction exercises
Shoulder flexion and abduction exercises can be done by sitting on a chair or standing in an upright position. Hold your affected arm by placing the arm of unaffected arm below the elbow of the affected arm. Hold the stretch for few seconds and then switch arms. Then gently move in forward direction and move the arms to and fro. Any exercise movement that has you rotating your arm generally is a good rotator cuff exercise.
Isometric shoulder flexion
Isometric shoulder flexion exercises can be started once the arm is out of the shoulder sling. To perform this exercise, stand in an upright position and face towards the wall. Press your hands against the wall, like you are trying to push it against the wall. Hold the position for 5 seconds and repeat the exercise.
Rotator cuff exercise
This is a strengthening exercise in which light resistance can be applied. In this, a light resistance band or a piece of surgical tube is used. Elastic cord resistance strengthens the external and internal rotator muscles of the shoulder. Shoulder stability is restored by strengthening these rotator cuff muscles.
Mild shoulder lifting exercise is done after a week or more. This is to stabilize the shoulder. Take a light dumbbell in both the hands and stand with weight at your sides. Extend the arms straight to the sides making a T with the body and the arms, and then lower the weight back to the sides slowly.
Heavy resistance exercises
In the advanced stage of recovery, progressive strengthening of the rotator cuff is done by applying heavy resistance. Self-resisted range of movement exercises for the shoulder is done in advanced stage.
Dislocated shoulder exercises are the key to a fast and effective rehabilitation. They help to strengthen ligaments and tendons and stabilize the affected joint. My shoulder program contains full details with clear pictures to make rehabilitating and strengthening your shoulder simple to do at home, you can order it by clicking the link below:
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Tim Allardyce DO MCSP SRP