Ligament damage or pain is one of the most common types of injury that we suffer in our everyday lives.
Ligament in layman terms can be described as a substance that joins our bones and provides support to the joints of our body.
They co-ordinate the movements and prevent unwanted movements that can be injurious to the body. We can naturally conclude that ligaments must possess immense tensile strength.
In medical terminology a ligament is defined as a dense connective tissue, consisting of a proteinaceous matter called collagen.
The strength of the ligaments is derived from the organization of the collagen. Thus, it is quite understandable that damage to a ligament can be the source of immense pain or even other medical complications.
Types of Ligament damage
There are three types of Ligament damage, for details see:
Types of Ligament damage
Causes of Ligament damage
The causes of Ligament damage or pain can be varied. The most common ones would comprise trauma or sudden and immoderate moments.
Sudden movements may include twisting, falls, incorrect posture, or incorrect ways of lifting heavy things.
Another common source of ligament damage and pain is sports injuries. Racket or Ball sports require stretching of the body.
Players sometimes unintentionally overstretch to make passes or hit the ball, which may lead to ligament damage or pain.
Again team sports which involve collisions or sudden jolts more often than not result in severe damage to ligaments and sometimes even ruptured ligaments.
Habitual poor posture and not standing straight may cause pelvic and lower spinal ligaments to become unnaturally stretched leading to deformation of the spine.
If this carries on over a long period of time, the damage may become permanent and options for treatment may become severely limited.
Cure for Ligament damage
Cures for ligament damage or pain may take several days or even a few months to a year for the more serious cases. The inflammation may take several days to reduce, depending on the severity of the damage to the collagen cells.
Chemicals are released in the area of the injury that cause swelling and pain. There is often a bleeding of tissues.
Treatment of such sprains would include protecting the area of injury from any further harm, complete rest, if possible, or at least reduced muscular activity and application of ice (not on the skin directly), application of anti inflammatory creams and compression.
In severe cases, use of crutches or other such aids is necessary. This is followed by the repair phase, characterized by blood clotting.
The final phase of remodeling may take time and last for even over a year in some cases. It is in this phase that the ligament gradually grows stronger and gains its former strength.
Controlled exercises, in the form of physical therapy, are extremely beneficial in this phase. Strapping of the injured zone assists in lessening the possibility of a relapse, and is highly recommended.
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